Is it necessary to take corona vaccine? Know the answers to all the questions related to vaccination

Is it necessary to take corona vaccine?  Know the answers to all the questions related to vaccination
Corona Vaccine: The world got the gift of a very dangerous disease (Covid-19) in the year 2020 in the form of SARS COV 2 which has devastated the whole world. Apart from pushing people into physical, mental, emotional depression, they have also suffered a deep financial setback. Many types of treatment have been tried for this, but nothing has proved to be infallible. The campaign to vaccinate people has been carried out all over the world and it is expected that this will curb the infection.
This virus does not have any cells of its own, so it spreads with the help of the body of the one whose body it enters. Vaccine gives our body the ability to recognize this virus and make the necessary antibodies to kill it, which also prevents its spread. There are currently two types of vaccines available in India – COVAXIN and COVISHIELD. Here we are answering some common questions about vaccines.1. Is it necessary to take the vaccine?

No treatment or vaccination is necessary. This can be a personal decision of an individual. But people are advised to get vaccinated because it gives your body the ability to fight the virus and if more and more people get vaccinated then its spread will be stopped.

2. Who can get vaccinated?

Anyone over the age of 18. The vaccine is currently being tested for ages 2 to 18 and will soon be available for this age group as well.
As of now, there is no solid information about whether the vaccine is safe for pregnant and lactating women.

People who have diseases like diabetes, hypertension, cancer, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease, thyroid, immunosuppressive must take this vaccine because they are at high risk. However, such people should tell there while taking the vaccine and also what medicines they are taking.

3. Who cannot get the vaccine?

If a person is allergic to any medicine, then he should inform the health officer while getting the vaccine. A person who is allergic to the first dose of the vaccine should not take the second dose. People who are suffering from fever, cough, cold, fever, etc., should not take the vaccine until they are completely cured. People who have blood disorders such as low platelet counts or if they are taking any medicine that thins the blood, they should tell the health authority about this before getting the vaccine.

4. Which vaccine is better?

No vaccine is better than another. Both vaccines are equally effective and safe.

5. Can a person take both doses of the vaccine separately?

-No. No one should take different doses of the vaccine.

6. Can we drive or work after getting the vaccine?

– Yes. The vaccine has little or no effect on driving or using machinery.

7. Is it necessary to take two doses of the vaccine?

Yes, if you take two doses, your chances of contracting the virus are much lower than those who have taken only one dose.

8. What should be the difference between the two doses?

COVISHIELD – 12 to 16 weeks
-Covaxin (COVAXIN) – 28 days

9. What kind of changes happen in the body after the first and second doses of the vaccine?

The vaccine creates the antibodies needed to fight the virus in the body. After taking the second dose, the amount of antibodies in the body becomes high and hence the risk of infection with the virus is also reduced and even if the infection does occur, it is very minor.

Some people have mild headache, dose reduction, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, body itching, body rash, body pain, mild pain or heaviness where the vaccine was administered, fatigue, fever etc. could. All these symptoms are very minor and get cured by taking medicine, so there is no need to worry about them.

10. Do we still need to wear masks after vaccination?

– Yes. No vaccine protects you 100%, so it is important that you continue to take all precautions like covering your mouth and nose with a mask, not shaking hands with anyone, social distancing, hand sanitizing, not hugging anyone, etc.

11. Can a person get vaccinated after covid infection?

– Yes. People can take the vaccine after recovering from the infection. If covid occurs after the first dose, then after complete recovery, the vaccine should be taken as per the schedule. If no vaccine has been given yet, then according to the new guideline, such a person can take the vaccine 90 days after the date of being positive and the second dose after that as per the schedule.

12. If someone smokes or drinks alcohol, can such a person face any problem by taking the vaccine?

-No. Smokers and drinkers can also get the vaccine. There is no such data to suggest that it has any adverse effect on such people. But it is suggested to such people to stop smoking and drinking alcohol as it weakens your immunity and makes you more prone to infection. Anyway, these habits are not good for health.

Dr. Niket Rai
Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital
New Delhi

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