New Delhi. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Monday that the maritime dispute should be resolved peacefully and on the basis of international law. Describing the sea as a common heritage for the whole world, he said that sea routes are the lifeline of international trade, but today it is facing many challenges. He was speaking on the topic of ‘enhancing maritime security’ at a high-level meeting of the United Nations Security Council.
He further said, ‘Today, sea routes are being used for terrorist incidents and pirates, so we have brought this matter to the Security Council.’ Emphasizing on jointly facing the challenges arising out of natural disasters caused by the sea, PM Modi said that we need to increase regional cooperation on this subject and India has taken many steps in this direction.
On this occasion, PM Modi gave five principles to deal with the maritime challenges facing the world.
First Principle: We should remove barriers from legitimate maritime trade. The prosperity of all of us is dependent on the active flow of maritime trade. The bottlenecks in this can be a challenge for the entire global economy.
Second principle: The solution of maritime disputes should be peaceful and on the basis of international law only. This is very important for mutual trust and confidence. This is the only way we can ensure global peace and stability.
Third Principle: We should face natural calamities and maritime threats created by non-state actors together. India has taken several steps to enhance regional cooperation on this subject. We have been the first responder to cyclone, tsunami and pollution related maritime disasters.
Fourth Principle: We have to preserve the maritime environment and maritime resources. As we know, the oceans have a direct impact on the climate. And therefore, we have to keep our maritime environment free from pollution like plastics and oil spills.
Fifth Principle: We should encourage responsible maritime connectivity. It is clear that the creation of infrastructure is necessary to increase maritime trade. But, the fiscal sustainability and absorption capacity of the countries have to be kept in mind in the development of such infrastructure projects.
PM Modi said, ‘The ocean is our common heritage. Our sea routes are the lifeline of international trade. And, the biggest thing is that these seas are very important for the future of our earth, but this common marine heritage of ours is facing many types of challenges today. Free maritime trade has been linked to Indian civilization for centuries.
He expressed concern over the use of sea routes for piracy and terrorism and the maritime dispute in several countries. He said, ‘Climate change and natural disasters are linked to the sea. In such a situation, we need to create a framework for coordination to ensure cooperative use and conservation of this natural resource.